Vegetables are a valuable source of protein, vitamins, minerals, trace elements and fibre. Here are the top 5 vegetables that you should consider growing on your farm: Tomatoes. Arugula. @newna__o0o Montreal’s bagels are the unsung heroes of great Canadian food. Kale. rapaceum, celeriac; Pastinaca sativa, parsnip. 4. The increased consumption of vegetables is directly tied to good health. Stems 9.Baby vegetables. Examples of good yields of major crops would range as follows: potatoes, 9-16 t; tomatoes, 18-23 t; canning peas, 1-2 t; sweet corn, 4-5 t; carrots and onions, 16-20 t. Canada produces over 1 million metric tonnes of vegetables for fresh market annually (excluding potatoes, mushrooms and greenhouse vegetables), worth about $600 million at the farm gate. Artichoke. sativus, carrot; Foeniculum vulgare, fennel; Petroselinum crispum, parsley; Apium graveolens var. Excluding potatoes, Ontario ranks first in vegetable production, both in yield and area; Québec comes second, followed by BC, the Prairie region and the Atlantic region. The categories are: 1.Brassica 2.Fruit vegetables 3.Gourds and squashes 4.Greens 5.Fungus 6. Canadian yields of vegetable crops are comparable to those of similar crops grown in the US or Europe. Although few plants are entirely without oil, the oil from a small set of major oil crops complemented by a few dozen minor oil crops has become widely used and traded. Many growers have built storage facilities for long-term storage of crops such as potatoes, onions, carrots and cabbages. To retain maximum taste and food value, vegetables can be hydrocooled, vacuum cooled, covered with ice, canned or processed, quick-frozen after a brief blanching period and stored, freeze-dried to remove all water in the tissue, or dehydrated under high temperatures. When choosing to plant a certain variety of a plant, it can get quite confusing and frustrating. Carrots, May through November (local harvest available from storage through winter) Cauliflower, August through November. Scientists are able to take the genes from one plant or animal and insert them into the DNA of another, making the modified organism grow faster and larger, or to be more resistant to disease. Cucurbitaceae (gourd family): Cucurbita pepo var. Lettuce, Romaine. 56 Different Types of Vegetables (and Their Nutrition Profiles) 1. In Canada, maximum yields of carrots, onions, cabbage, celery and lettuce are obtained from muck or organic soils, where adequate summer heat prevails. If it wasn’t obvious, this family is composed of flowering plants, and it’s one of the largest.What kind of edible flowering vegetables are there, you ask? Roots and tubers 7.Pods and seeds 8. R7A 6A9, Phone: (204) 727-9783 Vegetables Vocabulary. rugosa, sweet CORN. Growing your own herbs is a great thing in my opinion. They rely on plenty of water, full sun, and fertile soil to survive well. The main diet of the Canadian people consists of meat, fruits and vegetables, fish, bread, cereals and dairy products. Watermelons. Umbelliferae (parsley family): Daucus carota var. Managers of produce departments of modern supermarkets recognize that well-handled, attractively displayed produce carries the greatest unit profit in the store. 1. Vegetables are sometimes classified as cool-season and warm-season types or by their edible parts: for example, flowers - cauliflower, broccoli; leaves - cabbage, lettuce, spinach; shoots - asparagus; leaf stalk (petiole) - rhubarb, chard; roots - beet, carrot, potato, onion; fruit - tomato, pepper, squash. If you buy something through our links, we may earn money from our affiliate partners. Vegetables are said to be a major dietary requirement, as they are full of essential nutrients that are necessary to stay healthy. 3rd Floor, John R. Brodie Science Centre You might be surprised by the list below! Insects and plant diseases are closely monitored, and crop losses are minimized by use of chemical pesticides. Since apples are storage-friendly you may well find local versions for months after harvest. Eat just one cup a day and you’ll meet your daily needs for vitamin A and K—both of which are important for healthy bones. melopepo, bush summer squash; C. maxima, winter squash; C. moschata, winter crookneck squash; Citrullus lanatus, watermelon; Cucumis sativus, cucumber; Cucumis melo var. Cultivation Unlike many other agricultural products, their value increases 5-7 fold as the farm-gate value is increased by grading, washing, packaging, transportation, wholesaling and eventual retailing. However, other kinds of onions such as scallions, leeks, and shallots are widely used in the kitchen. Well Preserved / Flickr / CC BY 2.0 Jicama. Varieties of soybeans are used for many purposes. Solanaceae (nightshade family): Solanum tuberosum, potato; S. melongena, eggplant; Lycopersicon esculentum, tomato; Capsicum annuum (Cerasiforme Group), pepper. For other types of foods, see the list of fruits, list of grains, list of nuts and seeds, and list of meats and poultry. In Canada, at least 53 species or botanical varieties of vegetables are grown: one is a mushroom; 52 are seed plants (listed below according to family grouping). Pumpkin. ). They are vegetables that grow in shade and would work well in a partially shaded spot. We asked Jaclyn London, MS, RD, CDN to come … All vegetables are high in carbohydrates, which contribute to their unique taste. In 2007, the bulk of Canada's $75 billion food buying activities went to these commodities, with $17 billion spent on wine, liquor and beer, based on an online statistics report of the Canadian government. Vegetables are sometimes classified as cool-season and warm-season types or by their edible parts: for example, flowers - cauliflower, broccoli; leaves - cabbage, lettuce, spinach; shoots - asparagus; leaf stalk (petiole) - rhubarb, chard; roots - beet, carrot, potato, onion; fruit - tomato, pepper, squash. Fresh herbs taste wonderful when added to any dish. Sweeter, denser and thinner than their NYC counterparts, Montreal bagels are baked in wood fire ovens and are often covered in poppy or sesame seeds. They are consumed for bulb rich in nutrients as well as for leaves, when they are young. Polygonaceae (buckwheat family): Rheum rhabarbarum, rhubarb. Bulb and stem vegetables Garlic bulbs and individual cloves, one peeled. dulce, celery; A. graveolens var. Organic farming is the method of crop and livestock production that involves much more than choosing not to use pesticides, fertilizers, genetically modified organisms, antibiotics and growth hormones. The main different types of onions are the common yellow onion, red onions, and white onions. More than two-thirds (67%) of consumers responding to The Packer's 2019 Fresh Trends survey said they were buying more fresh fruits and vegetables than last year, and 73% said they were buying a larger variety of fresh produce than 20 years ago. Brussels Sprouts, August through November. Tomatoes are a great crop to grow in Canada. Carrots, turnips, radishes, cucumbers, corn, beans, most vegetables and herbs. We compensate by growing vegetables in greenhouses, where our yields of tomatoes and cucumbers are as high as those anywhere in the world. All vegetables are high in carbohydrates, which contribute to their unique taste. There are lots of vegetables in the world. The best bagels in Canada from St. Viateur! 2. Also called the composite family, or the daisy family, asteraceae is a huge family of over 23,000 species of plant, including – you guessed it – daisies. Only about 16 of the species listed are widely grown in Canada; 5 or 6 species account for the bulk of all vegetables produced. macrocarpon, edible-podded pea; Vicia faba, broad or faba bean; Phaseolus vulgaris, green bean; P. coccineus, scarlet runner bean; P. limensis, Lima bean; Vigna radiata, mung bean. Are rich in carbohydrates and vitamins (Bi, B2, C, provitamin a, etc. 3. The list of vegetable oils includes all vegetable oils that are extracted from plants by placing the relevant part of the plant under pressure, to squeeze the oil out. Types of vegetables: Bulbous vegetables are represented by onion, garlic, and leeks. Often overlooked, Japanese vegetables are every bit as important to Japanese food culture as seafood and meat. Leeks. Not only are there some common veggies, but there are also some frequently used herbs. There are different types of vegetables, like leafy greens, bulbs, roots, and tubers, pods, legumes, stalks or stems, sea vegetables, etc. If summer or field heat is not quickly reduced, vegetables soon lose their desirability. The most popular variety is the seedless watermelon and sizes very from large (size 45, 60) to smaller mini personal sized watermelons. This article throws light upon the nine categories of vegetables. Vegetables are recognized as being essential to a healthy diet. Thanks for contributing to The Canadian Encyclopedia. Every mechanical or chemical weed -control method is used. Asparagus. Chenopodiaceae (goosefoot family): Beta vulgaris, beet; B. vulgaris (Cicla Group), chard; Spinacia oleracea, spinach. Horseradish. 270 – 18th Street Canadians also reported fewer daily servings of fluid milk in 2015 compared to 2004. But, that's the fun that comes with gardening: being able to choose from hundreds of different varieties of the same plant! Beans, corn, cabbage, horseradish (should be planted at corners of patch), marigold, eggplant (as a lure for Colorado potato beetle) Pumpkin, squash, cucumber, sunflower, tomato, raspberry. Vegetable production ranges from highly intensive row cropping to very extensive types of production. Hanging Garden of Vegetables . Our team will be reviewing your submission and get back to you with any further questions. cantalupensis, cantaloupe; Cucumis melo (Reticulatus Group), muskmelon. Most canned foods are cheap and convenient, but not all cans satisfy the nutritional checklist. Potato. Gramineae (grass family): Zea mays var. Leguminosae (pea or pulse family): Pisum sativum, garden pea; P. sativum var. This summer sweet and thirst quenching treat is available year round in a variety of sizes. Learn more.. A vegetable is a herbaceous plant of which all or a part is eaten, raw or cooked. 02 of 09. When looking to start or expand a farm it’s a good idea to look at what produce grows well in Canada and has a large market share. Email: hortline@brandonu.ca, A list of Common Garden Vegetables, Their Companions and The…, Potatoes, cucumbers, corn, strawberries, celery, summer savory, Aromatic plants, potatoes, celery, dill, camomile, sage, peppermint, rosemary, beets, onions, Peas, leaf lettuce, chives, onions, leeks, rosemary, sage, tomatoes, Leek, tomatoes, bush beans, cauliflower, cabbage, Potatoes, peas, beans, cucumbers, pumpkin, squash, Carrots and radishes (lettuce, carrots and radishes make a strong team grown together), strawberries, cucumbers, Beets, strawberries, tomato, lettuce, summer savory, camomile (sparsely), Carrots, turnips, radishes, cucumbers, corn, beans, most vegetables and herbs, Beans, corn, cabbage, horseradish (should be planted at corners of patch), marigold, eggplant (as a lure for Colorado potato beetle), Pumpkin, squash, cucumber, sunflower, tomato, raspberry, Chives, onion, parsley, asparagus, marigold, nasturtium, carrot. However, unlike our southern neighbours, we grow only a single vegetable crop on the same land in a year; therefore, total yields usually reflect only one harvest. Signing up enhances your TCE experience with the ability to save items to your personal reading list, and access the interactive map. Canadian field vegetable growers are ensuring that not only do Canadians have access to a huge variety of field vegetables, but also that they are of the highest quality. Broccoli, June through October. A vegetable is a herbaceous plant of which all or a part is eaten, raw or cooked. Basil. You can plant one type of vegetable per container or mix things up. Ginger Root. Brandon, Manitoba praecox, popcorn; Z. mays var. The Hort Hotline c/o Biology Department Lett… They are most prized when eaten shortly after harvest, either fresh or cooked. A downside is that the soil in containers tends to dry out quickly and you may need to water it every day. Field vegetable production in Canada. Each fruit species has many cultivars (commercial varieties), developed for various char… Vegetable crops recover from seasonal or short-period droughts less efficiently than most other horticultural crops; thus, a source of water for irrigation during dry spells is necessary. (Lily family): Asparagus officinalis, asparagus. Runner beans are good for mild regions without extremes of heat or cold. Compositae (composite family): Cichorium intybus, witloof, chicory; C. endivia, endive; Tragopogon porrifolius, salsify; Lactuca sativa, lettuce; Helianthus tuberosus, Jerusalem artichoke; Taraxacum officinale, dandelion. Although good soil is beneficial, the grower often finds it more important to use light sandy soils in order to get an early start on the season. When potato production is included, Ontario is still in front, but the Atlantic region is second, followed by Québec, the Prairie region and BC.

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