Silver maple’s large vigorous roots can also damage sidewalks and driveways, as well as sewer and drain pipes. Their prolific seeds are eaten by grosbeaks, finches, wild turkeys, ducks, squirrels, and chipmunks. Yields pairs of winged seed over 3" long that ripen in late spring. However, its quick growth produces brittle wood which is commonly damaged in storms. The soft wood that is prone to forming holes or cavities can also be prone to fungus or grubs. growth rate for serious consideration for biofuel production. This species has become over planted. It also provides nesting sites for ducks and other birds. On the positive side, this makes silver maples very easy to propagate by seed. Description: A hardy Silver Maple selected for its upright crown, tendency to retain a central leader and reduced basal sprouting. Early settlers in the Ohio Valley found the sap from the silver maple to be superior to other maple trees for sugar quality, but production was too slow for commercial purposes. Grows to 50' to 80'with spread 2/3 of height to wider than the tree is tall. View Map. Grows very quickly, providing shade earlier than most trees. Silver maple's growth rate often responds dramatically to thinning or release cutting. Silver maple is often planted as an ornamental tree because of its rapid growth and ease of propagation and transplanting. The silver maple’s buds are eaten by squirrels in early spring. Silver maple is a tall, fast-growing, native tree of eastern North America. Near waterways, beavers often eat silver maple bark and use their limbs for building beaver dams and lodges. Because of this water tolerance, silver maples were often planted along river banks or edges of other waterways for erosion control. Silver maple trees can grow to a height of around 50 to 80 feet. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Has a wide-spreading root system and a trunk that can become quite massive. This tree grows at a fast rate, with height increases of more than 24" per year. They also have prettier fall colors, usually in reds and oranges, unlike the yellow fall color of silver maples. Status Please consult the PLANTS Web site and your State Department of Natural Resources for this plant’s current status (e.g. In natural areas, their early spring blooms are important to bees and other pollinators. Because of a vigorous root system, plant 10' or more from sidewalks, drives, foundations, and sewer lines. The trees were a staple in many new towns and homesteads on the frontier because of their rapid growth (for quick shade) and ability to adapt to a variety of soil conditions. Tolerates a wide range of soil conditions. Features 3–6" leaves with 5 lobes separated by notably deep, narrow sinuses. Most of the silver maples are medium to large in size. They are moderately drought tolerant, but are more recognized for their ability to survive in standing water for long periods of time. The silver maple grows to a height of 50–80' and a spread of 35–50' at maturity. Because of its wide use as a fast-growing tree, most of us have a silver maple or a few on our urban blocks. Green on top and silvery underneath through spring and summer, they turn a pale yellow in the fall. The growth rate of these trees may slow down as they grow. Landscape Value: Excellent in residential and parkway plantings. In addition to their use as fast-growing shade trees, silver maples were also widely planted in reforestation projects. Another drawback to silver maples is that their prolific, winged seed pairs are highly viable and seedlings will quickly sprout up in any open soil without any special requirements, like stratification. It is highly tolerant of urban situations and is frequently planted next to streets. Silver maple (Acer saccharinum) is a medium-sized tree of short bole and quickly branching crown common in the Eastern United States where it is also called soft maple, river maple, silverleaf maple, swamp maple, water maple, and white maple. Common in older landscapes because of their quick growth, even the slightest breeze can make the silver undersides of silver maple trees look like the whole tree is shimmering. 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Their vase-shaped growth habit can top out at anywhere from 50 to 80 feet (15 to 24.5 m.) tall depending on location and can be 35 to 50 feet (10.5 to 15 m.) wide. Growth Rate: Medium to fast. Hardy in zones 3-9, silver maple tree growth is about 2 feet or more per year. Continue reading to learn more silver maple tree information. Full sun and partial shade are best for this tree, meaning it prefers a minimum of four hours of direct, unfiltered sunlight each day. The silver maple grows in a wide range of soil types but prefers deep, moist, acidic soil. Some of them may have a length of more than 100 feet. Produces red, yellow and silver clusters of small flowers in early spring. The silver maple can be expected to grow in Hardiness Zones 3–9. A million members, donors, and partners support our programs to make our world greener and healthier. They can tolerate high water levels in spring and receding water levels in midsummer. The silver maple grows to a height of 50–80' and a spread of 35–50' at maturity. (zones 3-9). Hardy in zones 3-9, silver maple tree growth is about 2 feet (0.5 m.) or more per year. Their vase-shaped growth habit can top out at anywhere from 50 to 80 … In recent years, red maples and silver maples have been bred together to create the hybrid Acer freemanii. Leaves are green on top and silvery-white on the underside, shimmering and dancing in the breeze. Though shrub willow and poplar hybrids are currently receiving greater attention, silver maple has been tested for this use in the Midwest. The Arbor Day Foundation is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit conservation and education organization. A good choice for larger spaces. They are the largest seeds of all native maples. Many authorities recommend against planting silver maple. Beavers find the trees delicious. Sign up for our newsletter. Silver maples (Acer saccharinum) prefer to grow in moist, slightly acidic soil. While they were once widely used as quick growing street trees or shade trees for landscapes, silver maples are not so popular in recent years because their brittle limbs are prone to breakage from strong winds or heavy snow or ice. Very fast-growing. If planting a silver maple tree is a project you’d like to undertake but without the downsides, then opt for one of these hybrid types instead. It is best to plant the tree away from sidewalks, foundations and sewer lines. It is found on stream banks, flood plains, and lake edges where it grows best on better-drained, moist alluvial soils. It can withstand some flooding and has moderate drought tolerance. Its leaves provide food for deer, rabbits, cecropia moth caterpillars, and white tussock moth caterpillars. Varieties in the Acer freemanii include: Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. It is usually found growing in open sunlight along creeks and waterways. This can make them a pest to agriculture fields and quite annoying to home gardeners. Golden yellow fall colour. These hybrids are fast growing like silver maples but more durable against strong winds and heavy snow or ice. Growing silver maple trees are prone to forming deep holes or cavities that provide homes for raccoons, opossums, squirrels, bats, owls, and other birds.

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