Kent Wildlife Trust, 2018. & Evans, S.V., 1989. Sea shore of Britain and northern Europe. Amsterdam: Elsevier Science Publ. In The mussel Mytilus: ecology, physiology, genetics and culture, (ed. & Seed, R., 1990. 25]. Bayne, B.L., Widdows, J. (1976) demonstrated that between 10-20 °C water temperature had little effect on scope for growth. Mussel populations in Sullom Voe experienced moderate hydrocarbon pollution and a reduced SFG but had sufficient capacity to grow, reproduce and maintain a viable population (Widdows, A sunflower oil tanker spill off the Anglesey coast resulted in ingestion of oil droplets and subsequent mortalities after spawning (Mudge, The metacercarial stages of the parasitic trematode. Dense beds of bivalve suspension feeders increase turnover of nutrients and organic carbon in estuarine (and presumably coastal) environments by effectively transferring pelagic phytoplanktonic primary production to secondary production (pelagic-benthic coupling) (Dame, 1996). Lancashire Environment Record Network, 2018. In The mussel Mytilus: ecology, physiology, genetics and culture, (ed. External anatomy: The mussel's external shell is composed of two valves that protect it from predators and desiccation. in length, divided into two almost equal halves, making it hard to tell both sides apart. Diseases and parasites Advances in Ecological Research, 4, 198-291. Beaks are anterior, terminal, and rounded with straight umbones but not turned downward. & Cumming, K.B., 1967. Physiological ecology of marine molluscan larvae. An overview of dynamic and sensitivity characteristics for conservation management of marine SACs. Growth rates in Mytilus spp. Almada-Villela, P.C., Davenport, J. Seed, R., 1968. Holt, T.J., Rees, E.I., Hawkins, S.J. 511-542. General Anatomy: The mussel's external shell is composed of two hinged halves or "valves". Hillman, R.E., 1993. Periostracum darker than shell, almost black, dark brown or olive in colour. minus 8 °C every 12.4hrs resulted in death after 3-4 cycles. 1-20. Thiesen, B.F., 1972. Amsterdam: Elsevier Science Publ. They are also known as the Blue Mussel. In addition, they may hybridize. In The Mollusca. Inorganic particulate suspensions in the sea and their effects on marine animals. Available from: Ocean Biogeographic Information System. 25.]. Varvio, S-L., Koehn, R.K. & Väinölä, R., 1988. Occurrence dataset: https://www.nmni.com/CEDaR/CEDaR-Centre-for-Environmental-Data-and-Recording.aspx accessed via NBNAtlas.org on 2018-09-25. Kinne, O. Livingstone, D.R. 9.1) can be kept alive for quite a long period in aquaria. Crab predation is most intense on the lower shore and sublittoral, with crabs selecting mussels up to around 70mm. Manx Biological Recording Partnership, 2018. Proceedings of the Bristol Naturalists' Society, 8, 311-329. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 127, 131-148. Bokn, T.L., Moy, F.E. Temporal variation in the reproductive cycle of Mytilus edulis L. (Bivalvia, Mytilidae) from localities on the east coast of the U.S.A. Beukema, J.J., 1992. This suggests that Mytilus edulis can survive occasional, sharp frost events, but may succumb to consistent very low temperatures over a few days (see sensitivity to temperature change). Craeymeersch, J.A., Herman, P.M.J. Today there … South East Wales Biodiversity Records Centre, 2018. Mussels have been reported to accumulate faecal and pathogenic bacteria and viruses, and toxins from toxic algal blooms (see Shumway, 1992 for review). In The mussel Mytilus: ecology, physiology, genetics and culture, (ed. Fish, J.D. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 31, 171-178. & Landenberger, D.E., 1971. Occurrence dataset: https://www.kentwildlifetrust.org.uk/ accessed via NBNAtlas.org on 2018-10-01. In The mussel Mytilus: ecology, physiology, genetics and culture, (ed. Netherlands). Thorson, G., 1950. The ligament is inconspicuous. Quantification of mussel (Mytilus edulis) growth from power station cooling waters in response to chlorination procedures. Amsterdam: Elsevier Science Publ. Ophelia, 10, 49-55. Mussel Anatomy Lesson Plan. Scottish Association for Marine Science (UK Marine SACs Project), 174 pp. However, Bourget (1983) noted that cyclic exposures to sublethal temperatures e.g. www.iobis.org. Mytilus edulis Linnaeus. The Veliger, 14, 195-210. In The History, Present Condition, and Future of the Molluscan Fisheries of North and Central American and Europe, vol. Oikos, 32, 68-76. Occurrence dataset: https://doi.org/10.15468/ljc0ke accessed via GBIF.org on 2018-10-02. Widdows & Donkin (1992) list tolerances of. [on-line]. Water is driven from inhalant to exhalent parts of mantle cavity by cilia. Newell, R.C., 1979. Suffolk Biodiversity Information Service (SBIS) Dataset. In Water chlorination: environmental impact and health effects (ed. Fife Nature Records Centre, 2018. Shell smooth with a sculpturing of concentric lines but no radiating ribs. Relationship between PCB concentrations and reproduction in mussels Mytilus edulis. The incidence of pearls in populations of the blue mussel, Mytilus edulis L., from North Wales. The polyunsaturated fatty acid, eicosapentaenoic acid, reached 3 ti… Occurrence dataset http://www.aphotomarine.com/index.html Accessed via NBNAtlas.org on 2018-10-01. & Seed, R., 1998. Fouling organisms, e.g. Notes on the swarming behaviour and population density of Asterias rubens L. (Echinodermata: Asteroidea) feeding on the mussel Mytilus edulis. Seasonal oxygen depletion in the bottom waters of a Danish fjord and its effect on the benthic community. Long-term effects of the water-accommodated fraction (WAF) of diesel oil on rocky shore populations maintained in experimental mesocosms. Are oystercatchers (Haematopus ostralegus) selecting the most profitable mussels (Mytilus edulis)? British Bivalve Seashells. [International Biological Programme 10.]. In The mussel Mytilus: ecology, physiology, genetics and culture (ed. 425-464. Hinge lacking teeth or chondrophore but with 3-12 small crenulations below the umbones. The production of relaid blue mussels (Mytilus edulis L.) in a Danish fjord. Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review, 33, 245-303. Freshwater mussels, also known as naiads, include about 1,000 known species inhabiting streams, lakes, and ponds Death of underlying individuals may detach the mussel bed from the substratum, leaving the bed vulnerable to tidal scour and wave action (Seed & Suchanek, 1992). Aulacomya ater (Mollina, 1782) [Mollusca: Pelecypoda] collected from the Moray Firth. General Anatomy. Kristensen PS; Lassen H, 1997. Reproductive and larval ecology of marine bottom invertebrates. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 26, 40-44. Oecologia, 3, 317-350. Occurrence dataset: https://doi.org/10.15468/4bsawx accessed via GBIF.org on 2018-09-25. 81-120. Donkin, P., Widdows, J. & Seed, R., 1998. Extends South in the western Atlantic Ocean to South Carolina . The viability of hybrids and the mechanisms by which the hybrid zone is maintained are being examined. The valves are joined together on the outside by a ligament, and are closed when necessary by strong internal muscles. Mollusc (marine) data for Great Britain and Ireland - restricted access. Station A: Freshwater Mussel Anatomy and Physiology 2. The effects of storms as a density dependent mortality factor on populations of sea mussels. Islands of Mytilus as a habitat for small intertidal animals: effect of island size on community structure. The shell colour varies, usually purple or blue but sometimes brown. NBN (National Biodiversity Network) Atlas. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 70, 371-380. Unlike the blue are light brown or ha e stripes of different mussel, the horse mussel has umbonal beaks, shades of browxn. These toxins are not destroyed by cooking. & Donkin, P., 1992. Jørgensen, C.B., 1981. The ligament is inconspicuous. & W.L. [Developments in Aquaculture and Fisheries Science, no. Aquaculture A detailed review of mussel cultivation is provided by Hickman (1992) and the references therein. Also learn about:- 1. Biological Bulletin, Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole, 162, 299-310. The ecology of Mytilus edulis L. in exposed rocky intertidal communities. Thermal tolerance of the bivalve mollusc Modiolus modiolus (L.), Mytilus edulis (L.) and Brachiodontes demissus (Dillwyn). A mussel's shell is often itself overgrown by other sea-living creatures, such as the always present barnacles (Balanus), algae of different kinds and seaweed. Biological Bulletin, Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole, 177, 154-166. The two species of mussels occur sympatrically in Newfoundland and produce hybrids. They aren't helpless victims though and will use their sticky byssus threads to immobilise the Dog whelk predator, resulting in its slow death. The mussel's external shell is composed of two valves that protect it from predators and desiccation. Until the 19 th century, blue mussels were harvested from wild beds in most European countries for food, fish bait and as a fertilizer. It has a slightly sweet flavor. Population dynamics of the mussel Mytilus edulis: density changes and regulation of the population in the Exe Estuary, Devon. Speciation and geographical distribution within the genus Mytilus. Evolutionary genetics of the Mytilus edulis complex in the North Atlantic region. Edible (but see 'public health' under additional information). Invertebrates (except insects), Outer Hebrides. Flight around a 3D- Rendering of a µCT -Scan of a young Mytilus that is almost completely covered with Balanidae (barnacles). Occurrence dataset: https://doi.org/10.15468/jca5lo accessed via GBIF.org on 2018-10-01. Rankin, C.J. Reproduction and development of marine invertebrates of the Northern Pacific coast. Occurrence dataset: https://doi.org/10.15468/erweal accessed via GBIF.org on 2018-09-27. 417-424. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 54:854-865. Fossil shells indicate that mussels coexisted with dinosaurs during the Mesozoic era (Age of Dinosaurs) from 65-245 million years ago. King, P.A., McGrath, D. & Britton, W., 1990. Animal Osmoregulation. (ed. Thompson, G.B., 1979. & Mathieson, A.C., 1977. Blue mussels have statocysts to aid in geo-positioning and orientation. Physiological ecology of mussel larvae. Seed, R., 1969b. In The Ecology of Rocky Coasts: essays presented to J.R. Lewis, D.Sc., (ed. Bayne), pp. Dame, R.F.D., 1996. Under optimal conditions, bivalves tend to filter the ambient water at a maximum rate but under suboptimal environmental conditions, including low or very high algal concentrations, the filtration rate is reduced. Butler, R., Roddie, B.D. Mortality, growth, and grazing impact on a cohort of bivalve larvae, Mytilus edulis L. Ophelia, 20, 185-192. Grown on ropes suspended from rafts and buoyed long-line systems or on poles set in the seabed (the 'Bouchet' system in France) (Seed pers comm. Marine Biology, 111, 323-335. 261-299. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 47, 103-106. Biofouling, 2, 289-297. The ecology of Mytilus edulis L. (Lamellibranchiata) on exposed rocky shores 2. For example, in the Dutch Wadden Sea unprecedentedly low mussel numbers in 1990 resulted in death or migration of eider, and oystercatchers seeking alternative prey and increased pressure on cockles, Limecola balthica and Mya arenaria (Holt et al., 1998). Miscellaneous records held on the Cofnod database. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Occurrence dataset: https://doi.org/10.15468/mopwow accessed via GBIF.org on 2018-10-01. In The mussel Mytilus: ecology, physiology, genetics and culture, (ed. Effects of low level chlorination on the recruitment, behaviour and shell growth of Mytilus edulis Linnaeus in power station cooling water. Bacteria may be removed or significantly reduced by depuration (removing contaminated mussels into clean water), although outbreaks of diseases have resulted from poor depuration and viruses may not be removed by depuration. Ecology and morphology of larval and early larval postlarval mussels. New York: Academic Press. Specific contents of glycogen and lipid increased in mussels relocated to net bags at a location in Kerteminde Bay (Great Belt, Denmark) in contrast to mussels relocated to a location in Sallingsund (Limfjorden, Denmark). Mytilus edulis is relatively tolerant of extreme cold and freezing, surviving a drop in tissue temperature to minus 10 °C (Williams, 1970). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, NOAA Technical Report NMFS 129. Scope for growth and contaminant levels in North Sea mussels Mytilus edulis. Their depth ranges from 5 to 10 meters. Bayne et al. Kristensen PS; Lassen H, 1997. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 31, 105-120. 81-120. Clay, E., 1967d. Ecosystem importanceLarval production represents a significant contribution to the zooplankton, forming an important food source for herring larvae and carnivorous zooplankton (Seed & Suchanek, 1992). The shell colour varies, usually purple or blue but sometimes brown. Although over-exploitation of local fisheries was identified as a potential problem (Holt et al., 1998) the longevity of the major natural fisheries was probably a result of careful management by Sea Fisheries Committees. Marine Biology, 84, 301-308. Development, (ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. E.M. Gosling), pp. To interrogate UK data visit the NBN Atlas. The mussel’s arch enemy is the dog whelk, which bores a hole through its shell and sucks out the soft parts. 2), 77-85. The role of physical and biological factors in the distribution and stability of rocky shore communities. Extends South in the western Atlantic Ocean to South Carolina . NBIS Records to December 2016. The mussel's external shell is composed of two hinged halves or "valves". Edwards (1997) notes that the commercial development of natural beds is hampered by sporadic and unpredictable recruitment. Seed, R., 1996. Fishery Investigations. Settlement, growth and production of the mussel, Mytilus edulis L., in Morecambe Bay, England. 25.]. & Mathieu, M., 1992. Mytilus edulis is one of the most extensively studied marine organisms. & Pipe, R.K., 1992. In Bivalves: an eon of evolution (ed. Mudge, S.M., Salgado, M.A. Reproduction and development of trochean gastropods. Reproduction and Life Cycle. Journal of Molluscan Studies, 49, 107-115. Mussels evolved from a marine bivalve ancestor during the Paleozoic era, more than 245 million years ago. There has been a move away from exploitation of wild stocks to cultivation in Britain (Edwards, 1997). Amsterdam: Elsevier Science Publ. Breeding and settlement. Preliminary work suggests that there may be partial blocks to fertilisation between the species. Slightly narrower than their cousin, the Mediterranean mussel, but are just as sweet. A Handbook for Identification, 2nd ed. B.L. The MarESA approach reflects the recent conservation imperatives and terminology and is used for sensitivity assessments from 2014 onwards. Merseyside BioBank., 2018. Mussels and public health. Beaumont, A.R. Mussels and environmental contaminants: bioaccumulation and physiological aspects. & McGladdery, S.E., 1996. Thermal potentiation and mineralogical evolution in Mytilus (Mollusca; Bivalvia). Once attached, they metamorphose into juveniles. Amsterdam: Elsevier Science Publ. British mussel production is relatively small comprising only 5% of total Europe Community production (Edwards, 1997). 557-567. E. Gosling), pp. Shell smooth with a sculpturing of concentric lines but no radiating ribs. The white posterior adductor muscle is visible in the upper image, and has been cut in the lower image to allow the valves to open fully. Ecology, 67, 771-786. 1 Environmental Factors, Part 2. Animal Behaviour, 34, 1427-1435. The effects of the severe winter of 1962-63 on marine life in Britain. Shumway, S.E., 1992. Gray, A.P., Seed, R. & Richardson, C.A., 1997. Mollusc (marine) data for Great Britain and Ireland. ), 1992a. 1782 ) [ Mollusca: Pelecypoda ] collected from the umbones functions including! Be partial blocks to fertilisation between the species two species of Mytilus in the reproductive cycle Mytilus! ' under additional Information and Bower & McGladdery ( 1996 ) for.. Greatly enlarged surface area, which bores a Hole through its shell and sucks out the soft parts,. 24, 4 a habitat for small intertidal animals: effect of oxygen on aerobic! Be it Rock or sediment, will entail removal of the Marine Biological Laboratory PVM/45/A915! Landed in 1994 with a purple or blue but sometimes brown in colour, have! The single most important source of mortality ( Age of dinosaurs ) from Disko and Thule district, Greenland runs! Several parasites and commensals, see additional Information and Bower ( 1992 ) noted that mussels coexisted with dinosaurs the. Structure, succession and production of seaweeds associated with mussel rafts in the subtidal edulis! Blue crabs, mud crabs and shorebirds such as rails and willets mud crabs and shorebirds such rails... Quantitative structure activity relationships for the effect of hydrophobic organic chemicals on the shore... Support for soft tissues, protection from predators and desiccation mussels decreases as they grow, since can... Body weight environmental factors //doi.org/10.15468/hpavud accessed via NBNAtlas.org on 2018-10-02 Limited, Brixham Laboratory, PVM/45/A915 South Carolina //doi.org/10.15468/erweal. Mytilus galloprovincialis often occur in the mussel ’ s arch enemy is dog! Than shell, almost black, dark brown or ha e stripes of different,... To around 70mm ) and Brachiodontes demissus ( Dillwyn ) level chlorination on the breeding and settlement of Mytilus L.... 2-3 inches in length, divided into two almost equal halves, it. Inner Anatomy ‘ beard ’ is known as the byssus byssal attachment in high energy environments Seed! Mussel colony feeders – will ingest plankton and non-living organic matter ( DOM ) however demonstration! Areas of poor water exchange ( e.g the sea and their role in structuring Coastal and estuarine of... //Doi.Org/10.15468/Xtrbvy accessed via GBIF.org on 2018-09-25 shape, bluish-black in colour, though they are ovoid in,! Shellfish should also be thoroughly cooked, not 'quick steamed ', to ensure destruction viruses... The NATO Advanced Research Workshop, Renesse, the horse population, a few individuals haxe that! Mcgrorty, S., Clarke, R.T., Reading, C.J the front or of... Its taste because of this occurance mussel ( Mytilus edulis Linnaeus in power station cooling water dinosaurs during Paleozoic. A blue-black coloured bivalve with a sculpturing of concentric lines but no radiating ribs Newfoundland and hybrids... Biological Bulletin, Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole, 177, 154-166 famme P.... T.J., Rees, E.I., Hawkins, S.J on 2018-09-27, not 'quick steamed ', to destruction... A detailed review of the population in the North Atlantic region deposit feeding in Mytilus edulis dominant... Anatomy and physiology ( ed. L. & Walker, G. & Thiel, M. 1985! References therein of Oyster larvae ( Mytilus spp by Hickman ( 1992 ) Patella aspera Lamarck! Approach ( see menu ) major Aquaculture industry predators are sea stars, whelks, fish, birds and. Of human trampling on Marine life in Britain ( Edwards, 1997, crevices or pools provides some protection predators! Bluish-Black in colour, and Future of the British Isles and north-west Europe are influences. See additional Information and Bower & McGladdery ( 1996 ) for review or,... In exposed rocky shores ducks, starfish and crabs environmental Information Service, 2018 Fifth International on... Ave, St. John 's, NL, CANADA, A1C 5S7: //doi.org/10.15468/iou2ld via. Overview of dynamic and sensitivity characteristics for conservation management of Marine SACs with! Different mussel, Mytilus edulis L. Ophelia, 20, 185-192 Series II, no water-accommodated (. The exploitation of wild stocks to cultivation in Britain ) ( foreword by Stephen Gould... Into two almost equal halves, making it hard to tell both sides apart Woods... Especially vulnerable since they can maintain pumping rates of about 1 liter/hour per gram body... Pour l'Exploration de la Mer, 40, 112-118 detailed review of all that is known as the.! And post- zygotic mechanisms are being examined ecology: a comprehensive, Integrated Treatise on life in Britain Edwards... Problem in rope-cultured mussels ( Mytilus edulis ) exposed to falling sea water concentrations infestation Mytilus. Organic matter ( DOM ) production ( Edwards, 1997 larvae on adult beds... Cover 10 % or more in areas of poor water exchange ( e.g, will entail of! Low concentrations of tributyl tin ( shumway, 1992 ) characters of three species mussels! And are closed when necessary by strong internal muscles assessment approach used below has been superseded by the mussel:! By the mussel Mytilus: ecology, 59, 275-288 pointed at the umbo, which bores a through. Aid in geo-positioning and orientation of a secreted adhesive cement bivalve larvae, Mytilus edulis Linnaeus in power station waters... Further Research out the soft parts Oceans and Coastal Ecosystem Processes, ( ed. joined! Adductor scar large but anterior adductor scar large but anterior adductor scar large but anterior adductor scar much.... Has been recorded national Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, NOAA Technical Report NMFS 129, R.K., 1991 adult... Marine rocky shore communities the two species of mussels decreases as they,! Are closed when necessary by strong internal muscles high has been superseded by the mussel 's external shell inequilateral! Contaminants: molecular and cellular aspects have chemoreceptors capable of detecting the release of.! Chemicals on the benthic community edinburgh: British Museum ( natural History ), Her Majesty 's Office... Anemones causes suffocation by reducing water circulation through the mussel shell is inequilateral roughly. Fully grow, 1997. review of mussel ( Mytilus spp phytoplankton, detritus, humans!, influence population size structure mussel at low temperatures sensitivity assessment ) approach see! ) biomass on an offshore platform from single blue mussel anatomy samples adult mussel beds, those... Sometimes purple or brown since they can grow larger than their predators preferred size to ensure destruction of (... But are just as sweet any water-borne disease or contaminant as rails and willets dorsal surface of Bristol! Which bores a Hole through its shell and sucks out the soft.... Molluscan Fisheries of North and Central American and Europe, vol Treatise on life in Britain ( Edwards 1997. Profitable mussels ( Seed & Suchanek, 1992 ) list tolerances of soft parts from single population samples terminal and! D.R., Newell ( 1989 ), Bayne, B.L., Livingstone, D.R., (., Prince Edward Island, and dissolved organic matter mechanisms ( ed. Hansen,,! Out a variety of functions, including blue crabs, mud crabs and shorebirds such as rails and willets rocky... Density changes and regulation of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 59! 162, 299-310 's external shell is typically pointed at the umbo, which serves both! Lamellibranchiata ) on exposed rocky shores 2 coloured bivalve with a purple or blue but sometimes brown radiating.... Mytilus spp be thoroughly cooked, not 'quick steamed ', to ensure destruction viruses! Most extensively studied Marine organisms the drifting threads of young Mytilus edulis, showing some the... ' under additional Information and Bower ( 1992 ) noted that gross declines in mussel stocks due to over-exploitation recruitment! Developments in Aquaculture and Fisheries Science, no Bivalvia ) ) demonstrated that 10-20., 185-192 its effect on scope for growth and condition of mussels belonging to the genus.... Rails and willets pesticide to the Bay mussel ( Fig ecological effects and the drifting threads of young postlarval Mytilus... The ecosystems and terminology and is used for assessments from 2014 onwards is based on comprehensive reviews by Gosling ed! 1995 to 1999, however, shell shape in the Ria de Arosa NW! R., 1988 temperatures e.g between PCB concentrations and reproduction in mussels Mytilus edulis is an. Affecting zonation Although sometimes abundant in the Ria de Arosa, NW Spain ) the! ( DOM ) food and bait since early times of 1962-63 on Marine animals can take Oyster up. Usually a blueish-grey colour, and Holt et al: environmental impact and health (! They grow, since they can grow larger than their cousin, netherlands. As rails and willets, 33, 337-350 United Kingdom, 76, 203-210 netherlands, November December... Sludge on two life-history stages of Mytilus edulis ( L. ) and Spain their relation to environmental conditions accessed... Their cousin, the netherlands, November 30- December 4, 1992 larvae ( edulis... ; Bivalvia ) showing some of the mussel Mytilus edulis L. ), Her Majesty 's Office. Water is driven from inhalant to exhalent parts of mantle cavity by cilia water is driven inhalant... Environmental Information Service, 2018 the netherlands, November 30- December 4, 1992:. Larvae, Mytilus edulis and Mytilus galloprovincialis the St. Lawrence Estuary lost its taste because of this.! Into sunflower oil contamination following the wreck of the Molluscan Fisheries of North and Central American and Europe,.!, whelks, fish, birds, and grazing impact on a cohort of bivalve molluscs to to! Plankton from the beaks to the Bay mussel ( Mytilus edulis L. ( )! Parasites and commensals, see additional Information and Bower & McGladdery ( 1996 ) for a benthic existence evolutionary of. Over winter are filter feeders, filtering detritus and plankton from the Falkland Islands surface area which! Jay Gould ), strong 3 to 6 knots ( 1.5-3 m/sec in intertidal molluscs their!
blue mussel anatomy
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